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More About Diabetes

DIABETES: WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW

Diabetes is a condition that occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, a form of sugar that we use as a source of energy to provide power for our muscles and other tissues. In order for our muscles and other tissues to absorb glucose from our blood, we need a hormone called insulin. People with diabetes cannot use enough of the glucose in the food they eat. This leads to an increase in the amount of glucose in the blood. This high level of glucose or "high blood sugar" is called hyperglycaemia. High levels of glucose in the blood can lead to serious complications.

TYPES OF DIABETES

TYPE1
Type 1 diabetes is caused when the body’s defence system attacks the insulin-producing cells. People with type 1 diabetes produce very little or no insulin. The condition can affect people of any age, but usually occurs in children or young adults. People with this form of diabetes need injections of insulin every day to control the levels of glucose in their blood.

TYPE2
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. It is due to either a decrease in production of insulin in the body or the body’s inability to use its own insulin effectively. People with type 2 diabetes can usually control the glucose in their blood by watching their diet, exercising regularly, oral medication, and if required use insulin. Type 2 diabetes is most common in people older than 45 who are overweight. However, because of increased obesity among the young, it is becoming more common in children as well.